Rosa Panggabean

The Aftermath of Kelud Eruption
Juki is a 43-year-old farmer in Sambirejo Kutut village, Ngantang, Malang. He owned a land of 130 metre square where he planted corns, chilli peppers, and other crops.Mount Kelud erupted on February 13, 2014, and its ashes covered roofs and roads as far a

Juki is a 43-year-old farmer in Sambirejo Kutut village, Ngantang, Malang. He owned a land of 130 metre square where he planted corns, chilli peppers, and other crops.Mount Kelud erupted on February 13, 2014, and its ashes covered roofs and roads as far as 700km from the volcano. Apart from the houses, plantations and rice fields were devastated by the disaster.

Supari is a 55-year-old pineapple farmer. He rented a quarter hectare of plantation field to plant pineapples which he intercropped with rubbers in Margomulyo, Ngancar, Kediri. Due to the eruption, he had to postpone his pineapple production for two years

 Supari is a 55-year-old pineapple farmer. He rented a quarter hectare of plantation field to plant pineapples which he intercropped with rubbers in Margomulyo, Ngancar, Kediri. Due to the eruption, he had to postpone his pineapple production for two years.

Sutiyono is a 44-year-old famer. He planted his crops of chili peppers and tomatoes on around a quarter of hectare of land in Laharpang, Kediri.

Sutiyono is a 44-year-old famer. He planted his crops of chili peppers and tomatoes on around a quarter of hectare of land in Laharpang, Kediri.

Tuin is a 38-year-old farmer and cattle raiser in Sambirejo Kutut village, Ngantang, Malang. His cattle could not produce milk because of the stress caused by the eruption of Mount Kelud.

Tuin is a 38-year-old farmer and cattle raiser in Sambirejo Kutut village, Ngantang, Malang. His cattle could not produce milk because of the stress caused by the eruption of Mount Kelud.

Romlah is a 43-year-old farmer. She planted cloves, durians, chocolates, and avocados on an around a quarter of hectare of land in Laharpang, Kediri. The durians were ready for harvest in two weeks before the Mount Kelud erupted.

Romlah is a 43-year-old farmer. She planted cloves, durians, chocolates, and avocados on an around a quarter of hectare of land in Laharpang, Kediri. The durians were ready for harvest in two weeks before the Mount Kelud erupted.

Ngadi is a 73-year-old farmer in Sambirejo Kutut village, Ngantang, Malang, where he planted corns, gingers, shallots and chili peppers. He also raised cattle..

Ngadi is a 73-year-old farmer in Sambirejo Kutut village, Ngantang, Malang, where he planted corns, gingers, shallots and chili peppers. He also raised cattle.

Santik is a 40-year-old farmer. She planted chili peppers, cabbages, and tomatoes on a piece of land of almost two hectares in Petung Ombo village, Kediri. Apart from the houses, plantations and rice fields were devastated by the disaster.

Santik is a 40-year-old farmer. She planted chili peppers, cabbages, and tomatoes on a piece of land of almost two hectares in Petung Ombo village, Kediri.

Suparman is a 65-year-old farmer. He planted chili peppers, durians, bananas, and other crops on a one-hectare-land in Laharpang, Kediri. Apart from the houses, plantations and rice fields were devastated by the disaster.

Suparman is a 65-year-old farmer. He planted chili peppers, durians, bananas, and other crops on a one-hectare-land in Laharpang, Kediri. 

Semi is a 60-year-old farmer who owned a two-hectare rice field on the bank of Sungai Konto, Mblaru village, Badas, Kediri. His rice field was damaged by the cold lava of Mount Kelud. Apart from the houses, plantations and rice fields were devastated by t

Semi is a 60-year-old farmer who owned a two-hectare rice field on the bank of Sungai Konto, Mblaru village, Badas, Kediri. His rice field was damaged by the cold lava of Mount Kelud. Apart from the houses, plantations and rice fields were devastated by the disaster.

Indonesia is crossed by the Pacific Ring of Fire arc. There are about 400 volcanoes in Indonesia. Mount Kelud, in East Java, is one of Indonesia’s 130 active volcanoes.

In February 2014, Mount Kelud has erupted and caused damaged to people and land until about 700 km from it. Kelud farmers were those who suffer most. After their houses were no longer habitable, what was worse for residents who mostly worked as farmers was the loss of their livelihood, as their lands, farms, and rice fields were damaged.

Hundreds of hectares of plantation crops were damaged by the eruption of Mount Kelud, while rice fields were eroded by cold lava, causing a decline in their productin to 30-40 percent. 

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